Guided tours

  • Programme
    The Mediterranean Exchange of Archaeological Tourism organises a programme of free guided tours at the following sites for speakers, journalists and visitors:

    ARCHAEOLOGICAL PARK OF PAESTUM HIKE

    April, Friday 9th and Saturday 10th – meeting point at the Museum at 09.45 and at 11.45
    Please remember that the Basilica, the most ancient of the three Doric monuments of the Archaeological Park, is the only architectural barrier-free Greek temple of the Mediterranean area.
    The visit lasts about one hour.

    Basilica - Parco Archeologico di Paestum Tempio di Nettuno - Parco Archeologico di Paestum

    ARCHAEOLOGICAL PARK OF VELIA HIKE 
    April, Friday 9th and Saturday 10th – meeting point at the Station of Paestum at 11.00
    11.00 Appointment at the Station of Paestum with departure for Ascea Velia with “Archeotreno Campania”, the train with historical carriages from the 1950s-1960s; at the arrival at Ascea station at 11.52 shuttle to the Archaeological Park of Velia for the guided tour; return at Ascea Station at 17.03 to Paestum with arrival at 17.34

    Basilica - Parco Archeologico di Paestum Tempio di Nettuno - Parco Archeologico di Paestum

    To participate, you must fill out the entry form and deliver it to the Guided Tours Secretary the day before the tour of your choice.

    ant_paestum_tomba-del-tuffatoreNational Archaeological Museum of Paestum

    The Museum collects unparalleled reports coming from the city and the territory of Poseidonia-Paestum: prehistoric funerary equipment, recovered architectonic and sculpture rests in the diggings. Of great interest is the futile statue seated of Zeus from the sixth century BC, large feminine bust, the lacking the head, from the end of the sixth century BC, the amphoras to hydria in bronze from the sixth century BC. The painted slabs coming from some 120 tombs up to now recovered, between one of the most famous is the painted tomb of the Diver from 480 BC. Sculptures, marmoreal registrations, cult objects, fragments and amphoras are the testimony of the Roman Age in Paestum.

     

    1106_capaccio_1182817459Archaeological Park Paestum

    Poseidonia was a Greek colony founded at the end of the seventh century BC by the Sybarites. Conquered at the end of the fifth century BC by the Lucanians, in the third century BC it became a Latin colony with the name of Paestum. Protected by five kilometers of pentagonal walls, the imposing Doric temples rise, dating back to the fourth and fifth centuries BC: the Basilica of Hera, the Temple of Neptune or Poseidon and the Temple of Cerere. The Basilica is the most ancient of the Paestum temples: it rises solemnly, with the gilded columns of the arch, orienting to east. The most classic and perfect example of a Doric temple of the Greek world is surely Neptunes temple. To the northern extremity of the sacred zone the temple Cerere rises, dedicated to Athena. The diggings regard an immense area of the city with other huge buildings like the thermes, the porch of the hole, the amphitheatre.

    scavi_archeologici_velia_01_big

    Archaeological Park Velia

    Velia, ancient Elea, was founded around 540 BC by the Focei colonies which came from Asia to battle Ciro’s army. Here Parmenide and Zenone were born and with the eleatica school, reference in the philosophical culture of the antiquity. In the modern remains the city system is obvious through which Door is approached through the imposing “rose” only example of Greek architecture with time all sixth. Valuable is the wall of the sacred fencing with the charming stoà or porch, paved in bricks from the Hellenistic Ages.

     

     

    Other suggested sites:
    – Antiquarium Palinuro
    – Antique Roccagloriosa
    – Archaeological Area of Fratte – Salerno
    – Arechi Castle – Salerno
    – Cathedral of Salerno
    – Church of San Pietro a Corte – Salerno
    – Church of Santa Maria de Lama – Salerno
    – Early Christian Baptistery of Nocera Superiore
    – Greco-Roman Theatre – Sarno (on request, please contact Sarno Municipality)
    – Medieval Castle of Avellino
    – National Archaeological Museum of Eboli and the Media Valle del Sele
    – Provincial Archaeological Museum – Salerno
    – Provincial Art Gallery of Salerno
    – Roman Abellinum of Atripalda
    – Roman Villa in Minori
    – Villa Guariglia and Provincial Museum of Ceramics in Vietri

    Antiquarium Palinuro

    The site of Palinuro (Centola) is of particular interest in the intersection of cultures that have been setting and whose traces are found in the Antiquarium, located on the steep slope in Ficocella that offers visitors a picturesque view of the gulf. The building houses archaeological finds (ceramics and furnishings of obsidian of about six thousand years ago) found in the excavations, undertaken in the area of the town, which since 1948 have unearthed a necropolis of the sixth century BC The public can see exhibits of pottery imported Attic black-figure, and ion-decorated bands, the vessels also reflected a kind of local pottery decorated with geometric patterns reminiscent of whose elements from the island of Cyprus and those of ceramic Percenzia in Northern Apulia dating from the late seventh century BC. The setting also includes the materials of various funerary items from the necropolis, of the Enotrio type, in the San Paolo district.

    Antique Roccagloriosa

    At Roccagloriosa are exposed in two Antiquarian, finds evidences of Lucan (fourth century BC) found in the necropolis, with tombs “emerging”. In the first Antiquarian (former Church of St. Mary of the Martyrs), are exposed to, among others, the precious discoveries of the tomb n. 9 (female burial), containing a rich array of jewelry, arrived intact, which testifies to the contacts with the productions Taranto and links with ancient Italian traditions.
    The second Antiquarian offers a photographic exhibition on the site of the Necropolis and the graves especially n. 19 and 24, which also exhibits are on display. The protagonists of the exhibition are the vases among which three large pieces (more than one meter in height) with red figures stand out, representing a uniqueness as there have been no other finds with similar measurements outside Apulia. Among them is the loutrophoros, whose crater is only 112 cm with spiral horns decorated with gargoyle heads.

    Archaeological Area of Fratte – Salerno

    Important pre-Roman settlement, with remains dating from the sixth century BC, in which co-existed Etruscans, Greeks and natives. The Archaeological area was defined as an “acropolis” both for the topographical position of the findings and because the structures found revealed a religious and civil center at the top of the settlement.
    Impressive remains of the Samnite necropolis at the end of the fourth century BC.

    Arechi Castle – Salerno

    The “castle” that sits on the hill Bonadies, already occupied in the Roman and then Byzantine fortress, was equipped with a maior Turris, who made “impregnable by nature and art, not being in Italy equipped with a rock over it” (Paul Deacon, in Historia Langobardorum). With Arechi II, who expanded the territory of the city to the east and west walls surrounding it to new, well-handed from the illustrations accompanying the poem by Pietro da Eboli, Liber ad honorem Augusti, the end of the twelfth century, the castle became a symbol of the centrality of his principality. Gisulf II, the last Lombard prince of Salerno, coined the famous coin with the legend “Affluent Salernu” mirror iconography of the city, dominated by Turris, before he became, in 1077, a fortress Norman, directed by Robert Guiscard. He later became an important defensive element aragonese chessboard, and then progressively lose importance with the changing techniques of warfare. It was completely abandoned in the nineteenth century. The restoration of the castle and the Bastille, which started in 1982, led to functional recovery of the architectural components and the entire redevelopment area, aiming, first, to refund the readability of the largest architectural qualities of the fortified structure, subject to continual expansion and adjustments dictated by the succession of governments in the historical period of its defensive function and by the emergence of new military techniques. Today, through link structures, service and advanced security are possible thematic itineraries. Excellence are the Media Gallery, the Museum of the virtual display system with Turris Maior and the Bastille, which is home to the contemporary sculptures by Lorenzo Spirit (the “new guards”), attached to the castle through a didactic-naturalistic.

    Cathedral of Salerno

    Dedicated to S. Matthew the Evangelist, whose relics are still preserved in the crypt, the Cathedral of Salerno has characteristics similar to those of the Abbey of Desiderio in Montecassino: plan of a basilica consists of three longitudinal aisles, a transept and a four.
    The original structure, built under the reign of Robert Guiscard, was renovated in 1688. Preceded by a large atrium surrounded by a portico supported by twenty-eight columns, the imposing building has a large twelfth century bell tower on the southern side. Access to the structure is through a Byzantine bronze door set in a marble portal at the base of which is a pair of lions.

    Church of San Pietro a Corte – Salerno

    The church of San Pietro a Corte, known as the nail head tippet founded from prince Arechi II, in around 787, is today the complex of greater importance of the historical centre of Salerno. Archaeological surveying currently in course, has brought to light the Roman area. The area comprises, beyond the atmospheres immediately below, once occupied by shops, also the area pertaining to confraternity of S. Anna. In the XIII century the church was used as a meeting centre for the Parliament: in it public ceremonies were often celebrated, between which the bestowal of the diplomas of the Medical School Salernitan.

    Church of Santa Maria de Lama – Salerno

    The first document mentioning the church of Santa Maria de Lamas dates from 1055: “ubi ecclesia sancte Marie Blade … constructa intus hanc dicitur salernitanam civitatem”, but it probably has more ancient origins. Santa Maria de Lamas, located in the heart of the historic city, contains the only evidence of the Lombard period of Salerno.
    Inside, two columns are decorated with frescoes almost life-size: about one and ‘represented the Christ with the cross, on the other there’ a female figure, perhaps Mary Magdalene.

    Early Christian Baptistery of Santa Maria Maggiore

    The Baptistery, whose circular shape, he was awarded the title of “Round”, was part of a larger complex.
    The first written attestation dates back to a diploma of the year 841 AD. Set of 15 arches, supported by many pairs of smooth columns, the dome covering the central baptismal font, octagonal, second only to that of Italy in San Giovanni in the elements Laterano. The marble of the architectural decoration, bases, shafts of columns, capitals and molded frames are bare and evident function of reuse.

    Greco-Roman Theatre – Sarno

    Built in the second century BC and scenically set against the southern wall, was enlarged from 76 to 96 m in the Augustan age or Tiberian.
    It is one of the greatest scenic buildings of ancient Campania. Both the orchestra and the frons scaenae were adorned with precious marble and statues.
    Underwent further restoration after the earthquake of 62 AD.

    Medieval Castle of Avellino

    The Castle of Avellino stands on an ancient tuff cliff surrounded by two streams, the Rio Cupo to the north and the Rigatore to the south.
    Recent archaeological investigations have identified the original core of the complex, to defend the medieval city situated on the hill of earth, and in use until at least 700, a time when the last owner, the Caracciolo princes, they left the ancient manor, preferring a stately residence more suited to the needs.
    Interventions, ongoing project carried out on the town of Avellino, the Superintendence of Archaeological Heritage of Salerno and Avellino, held a view of the preservation and enjoyment of the complex.
    The archaeological excavation has identified several phases of occupation of the complex: the oldest traces of funerary structures from Roman times, consisting of parts of mausoleums with their bare elements (including a lion in limestone), it goes to a primitive system dating to the sixth-seventh century AD, is a well documented next step between high and late Middle Ages during which new structures are implanted substantially constituted by a rectangular fortress. Around the thirteenth century, the monument is affected by significant renovations and expansions, among which deserves particular mention of the construction of a church.
    More accommodations that occurred around the fifteenth century, followed by a series of destructive episodes, including a fire of which traces were found on the floor of a rectangular room.
    The castle lost its residential function in the first decade of the ‘700 and the complex, during ‘800, is used as a quarry and agricultural purposes, according to a feature found in other similar contexts.

    National Archaeological Museum of Eboli and the Media Valle del Sele

    The Museum is housed in the Convent of St. Francis, founded in the thirteenth century and extensively remodeled in the sixteenth. Before the Second World War was used as the town hall, the district court and the local high school. The bombing of the war caused its partial destruction and abandonment. A recent restoration has returned to public use and the entire west wing of the complex is made available by the Municipal Administration of the Archaeological Superintendence of Salerno and Avellino, who oversaw the preparation of the Archaeological Museum.
    Currently, the Museum collects artifacts, mostly tombs, from the old town of Eboli, which because of its location in the coastal plain at the mouth of major routes such as the natural river valley and the path of Tusciano Ofanto-Sele, represents the age a boundary between ancient territories participating in different cultures.
    The exhibition is organized chronologically tended to present the main stages of life than thousand of the settlement: prehistory, the Iron Age, the oriental period, the sixth and fifth centuries, and, for now, ends with the rich documentation of the fourth century BC. By its nature it will be surfed for a museum in the near future to accommodate even the testimony of the territories bordering on the middle course of the gravitating Sele.
    But it should be noted that this particular museum, created to tell the story of a former district is not culturally homogenous, will feed and grow with the results of field research, which is why the exhibition, the upper floors is still under construction, will become dialectically linked to the archaeological investigation and the subsequent reconstruction of the ancient landscape. In the lobby there is the base of a statue with an inscription (183 AD) known as Tombstone Eburina, which had been reused in the bell tower of the church of Santa Maria in Intra. This epigraphic text makes it clear that had the status of Municipium Eburum.

    National Archaeological Museum of Pontecagnano “The Etruscans border”

    The construction of the new National Archaeological Museum of Pontecagnano – founded by the Ministry of Heritage and Culture with the contribution and participation in the Campania Region and the local municipal government – is the final stage of an ambitious project led by the Superintendence for Archaeological Heritage the provinces of Salerno and Avellino in close collaboration with the University of Naples ‘L’Orientale’ and with the University of Salerno, and configures itself within the exceptional importance of the archaeological heritage as it gathers the most significant Etruscan expansion in Southern Italy, returned from one of the most important site of ancient Campania and the South.
    The new and larger premises in a strictly scientific, but shows at the same time charming and attractive, through the development of various issues, the results of the intense and constant research begun in 1964 in the municipality of Pontecagnano following the discovery of the most significant of the last fifty years, a large Etruscan settlement, which had urban characteristics as early as the Archaic.
    The importance and the size of the site are documented by the rich more than 8000 funeral that attest the attendance of the First Iron Age (end of X – early ninth century BC) to Roman times, when the settlement Etruscan-Italic overlaps Picentia colony (263 BC). The main core of museum display is made up of princely outfits oriental period (late eighth-seventh century BC), at the peak flowering of the center.

    Provincial Archaeological Museum – Salerno

    It contains a rich documentation of the entire province of Salerno, from prehistory to late antiquity. In a prominent position is the equipment of the princely tomb of Roscigno, from the end of the fifth and beginning of the fourth century BC. There are also Bell, Samnite and Lucanian ceramics from the Hellenistic age, Etruscan pottery, bronze ornaments including the admirable head of Apollo found in the waters of the Gulf of Salerno. It is a precious late Hellenistic original, dated in the first half of the first century BC, attributed to the artist Pasiteles, born in Magna Graecia.

    Provincial Art Gallery of Salerno

    Palazzo Pinto, aristocratic residence in the heart of the historic center, houses the Provincial Art Gallery. On display are paintings from the Renaissance to the early twentieth century. In the Renaissance section of the boards are fine by Andrea Salerno and the Master of the Coronation of Eboli.
    Of great interest are the seventeenth-century paintings by Giovanni Battista Caracciolo, Andrea de Lyon, Charles Rose. The paintings by Francesco Solimena and his Academy are from the eighteenth century. There are many paintings by Salerno and Costaioli painters starting from the second half of the twentieth century. A section is dedicated to foreign artists, who created the works exhibited here.

    Roman Abellinum of Atripalda

    The ancient Roman colony of Abellinum, located on the Civita hill of today’s Municipality of Atripalda (AV), along the left bank of Sabato, preserves considerable monumental evidence, attributable to the original layout.
    The urban fabric, which covers about 25 hectares, is marked by orthogonal road axes that delimit the neighborhoods and is enclosed by a mighty 2 km long reticulated wall, dating back to the late Republican age. A rich stately home, a Pompeian-type domus with atrium and peristyle, with painted plaster and floor mosaics, occupies an entire city block. The excavations currently in progress have made it possible to highlight the area of ​​the vestibule of the domus: in particular, the entrance has emerged flanked on each side by two large tabernae (shops), distinguished by two stone thresholds, overlooking a section of the grande decumanus (east-west road).
    The structures pertaining to a spa plant, of particular monumentality and consistency, testify to the character of public buildings, already made evident by a series of important findings, including that of a sacrificial altar in marble.
    The sepulchral areas, along the banks of the Sabato, and the remains of the monumental amphitheater are located outside the urban layout.

    Roman Villa in Minori

    This accommodation reflects the type of the villa maritima on two floors with large reception rooms, then split into smaller rooms (West) and thermal environments (East), which are still recognizable tepidarium, caldarium and praefurnium.
    The upper floor, built later, are still a few elements that are not clearly legible, including the stairway on the west side.
    The lower floor is rather well preserved. Its facilities rely on the hill behind, doing so also a static function, terracing, for the higher ones.
    In some areas the decoration is kept in a third style of stucco and the times they are arranged around a large triclinium with nymphaeum (about 70 square meters), with a ceiling decorated with stucco ceilings and patterned ground and the remains of frescoes in the IV style, with beautiful mosaic floors.
    Built in the early first century AD, the villa during its life has undergone several restorations and alterations.

    Villa Guariglia and Provincial Museum of Ceramics in Vietri

    It houses ceramics mostly from Vietri, but also from other sites in Campania, Puglia, Calabria, Liguria. The oldest examples of Vietri ceramics date back to the end of the fifteenth century. This production is part of a tradition of clay processing that has involved Salerno and its immediate surroundings since the pre-Roman era. The oldest examples of votive tiles date back to the seventeenth century. Rich is the testimony of the twenties and forties, of the period known as “German”, with pieces by authors from northern Europe made in Vietri.

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