International Archaeological Discovery Award “Khaled al-Asaad” (1st edition)

  • International Archaeological Discovery Award “Khaled al-Asaad” (2nd edition)
    International Archaeological Discovery Award “Khaled al-Asaad” (3rd edition)
    International Archaeological Discovery Award “Khaled al-Asaad” (4th edition)

    L’archeologa greca Katerina Peristeri, responsabile degli scavi ad Amphipolis, riceve il premio della prima edizione dell'International Archaeological Khaled Al-Asaad alla BMTA 2015

    L’archeologa greca Katerina Peristeri, responsabile degli scavi ad Amphipolis, riceve il premio della prima edizione

    The first edition of the International Archaeological Discovery Award “Khaled al-Asaad” was awarded to the Tomb of Amphipolis – Verghina, Macedonia (Greece) as the most significant discovery of 2014: the award was delivered to the Greek archaeologist Katerina Peristeri, Responsible for excavations at Amphipolis, Paestum on Friday, October 30, at the conference that celebrated the 30th anniversary of Archeo.

    At the Tomb of Amphipolis was also awarded the “Special Award”, the Discovery Award with the greatest consensus on the Facebook page of the BMTA.

    1. TOMB OF AMPHIPOLIS, Verghina, Macedonia – Greece

    Tomba di Amphipolis, Verghina, Macedonia - Grecia

    Tomba di Amphipolis, Verghina, Macedonia – Grecia

    The archaeologist Katerina Peristeri has found the largest ancient tomb ever discovered in Greece. The mound has a circumference of 496 meters. The marble door is guarded by two winged sphinxes sitting on a lintel that still has traces of its original colors, red, blue, black. Then, freeing the room behind the sphinxes, covered with a barrel vault in marble, it was discovered a second room and another entrance. On the sides of the rectangular door, a pair of large caryatids made of marble of Thasos.

    Excluded that the tomb was destined to Alexander, it is believed it was for one of his generals, or perhaps for his mother, or for the wife of Alexander, Roxane and their young son Alexander IV, killed in 311 by one of the generals who were fighting for the succession to the throne. We only know who was the architect: a friend of Alexander, Deinokrates of Rhodes, who signed the work.

    2. THE OLDEST HUMAN FOOTPRINTS IN EUROPE, Happisburgh – England

    Le impronte umane più antiche d'Europa, Happisburgh - Inghilterra

    Le impronte umane più antiche d’Europa, Happisburgh – Inghilterra

    On the eastern coast of Norfolk the approximately 50 footprints left by a family (two adult males, two women and three or four guys, so it is presumed), walking on the beach hundreds of thousands of years ago, in search of shellfish, algae and crabs, is a discovery that will rewrite the history of human origins. Probably they can be attributed to the species Homo antecessor, found in Atapuerca in Spain, a hominid species dating back between 1.2 million and 800,000 years ago, considered one of the first European hominids. The footprints of Happisburgh become, in chronological order, the third-oldest footprints ever discovered and absolutely the oldest on the Old Continent. There are in fact only two sites in the world, respectively in Tanzania and Kenya, with oldest footprints, reaching 3.5 million years ago.

    3. LIGHT ON THE FIFTH DYNASTY OF THE PHARAOHS WITH THE TOMB OF KHENTAKAWESS III, Abu Sir – Egypt

    Luce sulla quinta dinastia dei Faraoni con la Tomba di Khentakawess III, Abu Sir - Egitto

    Luce sulla quinta dinastia dei Faraoni con la Tomba di Khentakawess III, Abu Sir – Egitto

    Miroslav Barta of the Institute of Egyptology of the Czech Republic has discovered in a vast necropolis built near the capital Cairo, in Abu Sir, the tomb of a previously unknown Egyptian queen.

    On the site there are several pyramids dedicated to the Pharaohs of the Fifth Dynasty of the Old Kingdom (2494-2345 BC), including Neferefre, which could be his wife. The name of the queen was identified as Khentakawess III thanks to the inscriptions on the walls of the tomb. This discovery will shed light on some unknown aspects of the Fifth Dynasty, which together with the Fourth Dynasty, saw the construction of the first pyramids.

    4. TOMB WITH CHARIOT OF A PRINCE OF THE GAULS, Warcq – France

    Tomba con carro di un Principe dei Galli, Warcq - Francia

    Tomba con carro di un Principe dei Galli, Warcq – Francia

    A team of archaeologists of the Ardennes and of IRAP has discovered an aristocratic Gaulish tomb, in which was found a ceremonial or war chariot, appeared in Gaul in the seventh century B.C. and remained in use throughout the Celtic period, that is until the first century BC, a period to which is credited the discovery. The chariot and a rich funeral furnishing seem to indicate that this was the tomb of a prince of the Gauls of 2,200 years ago. Remarkable is the opulent two-wheeled chariot, finely decorated with bronze coins and glass paste, while other objects in wood are covered with a thin gold leaf. One element that expresses all the social prestige of the character is also the burial of four horses. The deceased was placed instead on the body of the vehicle.

    5. TREASURE OF ORSELINA, Canton Ticino – Switzerland

    Tesoro di Orsellina, Canton Ticino - Svizzera

    Tesoro di Orsellina, Canton Ticino – Svizzera

    Over a thousand bronze coins of Roman imperial period (the first data point II-III century AD) in good condition, inside a ceramic vessel to half a meter deep. The coins, despite not having a great value for the art market, are relics of fundamental importance from the historical and cultural standpoint for the ancient world.